How To: Star Trails ⬅︎

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Take a photo of the night sky with a 30 second or more exposure and the stars will appear as streaks due to earth's rotation. These are known as star trails. Taking a star trails photo is easy. Here's how:

Equipment
  - A digital camera that has a bulb mode that allows the shutter to remain open for minutes.
  - A wide-angle lens is best.
  - A tripod to keep the camera steady and in place.
  - A program like Photoshop that allows images to be layered and combined.

Take images
  1. Set up the camera on the tripod. For polar star trails point the camera north.
  2. Set the aperture to wide open (i.e. f/2.8).
  3. Set the ISO to around 800 and take a single 10-minute exposure.
      If it is too light or dark change the ISO setting and try again.
  4. Take multiple 10-minutes exposures. The more the better.

Combine the images
  These directions are for Photoshop but the steps will be similar in other photo-editing software.
  1. Open the first photo. In the Windows menu, be sure that Layers is selected.
  2. Open the 2nd photo. Copy and paste it on top of the first.
      You'll see that it appears in its own layer above the 1st photo in the Layers window.
  3. In the Layers window, change Normal to Lighten to combine the trails.
  4. Repeat steps 2-3 for each of the remaining photos.
  5. To remove the effects of light pollution adjust the color balance, contrast, etc.
  6. Save the combined image as a single image.